7. Brakes and Safety


There are two main types of brakes used on modern production cars. These include disc brakes and drum brakes. Disc brakes are most common today due to their capability of dissipating heat, and they are self cleaning. They are more expensive typically.


Drum brakes are cheaper, and are self energizing, meaning they can apply a greater force with less effort from the driver. Vacuum assist has made this advantage nearly obsolete. They also are insulated from the environment, however this is also a problem since brake dust builds up inside.


Stopping quickly and in an orderly manner is critical for the safety of a vehicle. Several electronic control systems aid in the safety of a vehicle. One of these is the anti-lock brake system (ABS). ABS allows the vehicle to stop in the shortest distance by keeping friction between the tire and the road at the peak.


Stability control is important for vehicles which undergo sudden changes, such as swerving. Stability control keeps the vehicle's steering neutral, attempting to prevent understeer and oversteer.


Traction control is important to prevent tires from spinning, and is commonly seen in RWD vehicles.


Now that you understand braking and some of the systems utilized to improve brake performance, let's take a look at calculating stopping distances of vehicles.


By now, you've pretty much learned the basics of an automobile. The next lesson will discuss forced induction and how to increase engine performance.

48 comments:

  1. 1'd like to know 1 thing that, if a brake failure happens, means when brake applied brake pads stops the rotor, then the system failed. then if we accelerate, weather the vehicle move or not?? if moves, how???

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  2. Thanks! I also suggest a regular break service on autos. Brakes are really important, since some of the major accidents today are about brakes.

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  3. i watched your video on power brake vacuum assist and i was wondering if i had an electric engine is the only difference that there is no connection to the (none excistant) intake manifold? great video by the way :)

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  4. Great tips to know i think safety while driving is important.
    Great video to watch.

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  5. i watched your video on BRAKING DISTANCE and i really liked it. but there's one thing i am confused about. it's that you have not accounted the size of the disc and the area of the brake pads in calculating the stopping distance.
    does this mean it does not have any relation in calculating the stopping distance.??

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  34. Awesome explanation!

    But if you have a trailer behind your car or when you drive a long truck. It is really difficult to stop your car immediately. I have experienced this situation and got some crash.

    I know some great parts to support the brake but can you please let me know How does the brake work at this situation?

    Thank you so much!

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